(1) Guide Attention :
Attention usually changes in two ways — it is channeled into the internal and becomes focused. There are some clinical situations in which hypnosis works best by spreading attention and outward, but they are not covered in this chapter. While changing attention is accurate and therefore possible to spread and outwit, most patients, when asked to describe their attention process during hypnosis, refer specifically to inward attention, and focus rather than inattention.
(2) Alter Intensity :
The intensity adjustment can be increased or decreased in two directions. Hypnotized patients usually report vivid and vivid feelings, such as a clear relaxation, and they may also report other vivid and distinct sensory experiences, including touch, vision, hearing, proprioception, and changes in chemical sensations (taste and smell). . The body feels may become more vivid, the sound may become more vivid, the experience of time passing may become more vivid, and so on. Hypnotized patients may also report that any feeling does disappear. The patient may describe that he or she is unaware of the picture, sound, smell, taste, touch, or position of the limbs. In addition, there may be a feeling of distortion; the limbs may feel larger or smaller, and the sound may become closer or farther.
(3) Create Dissociation :
There are two situations in dissociation. For an experience, it feels “a part and apart”, and there is an automatic phenomenon, so experience “just happen”. Hypnotized patients often report “I am here in the treatment room, but I am attracted to it by my fantasy.” Patients who are hypnotized may also experience automatic mental or physical phenomena, such as images and memories that “just happen,” or physical movements, such as the lifting of the arm.
(4) Modify Responsiveness :
Responding to some of the more subtle hints (minimal cues), that is, they react to the irony and extra-string sounds. This type of behavior is described as a response to small prompts. For example, if the hypnotist says: “You can go further into a paralyzed state.” Hypnotized people may move their feet forward to react to this suggestion. At the same time, hypnotized patients often engage in a careful search of meaning, launching an intrinsic search of what the hypnotist is saying, looking for personal meaning and search for personal meaning. For example, the hypnotist said a vague story, and the hypnotized patient tends to personalize the story as compared to the awake state.
For any particular patient, it’s hard to know which particular phenomenon leads him to report, “I’m hypnotized.” It is often assumed that in a hypnotic state, if the patient reports all four major hypnotic phenomena, then the patient will generally agree that he or she has been hypnotized. However, some patients may reach only one of the hypnotic phenomena and report that they have been hypnotized. They may simply focus their attention on the mind and say they have entered a hypnotic trance. One of the arts of a hypnotist is to determine which hypnotic phenomenon is sufficient to indicate that a particular patient has entered a trance.