Hypnosis is a very intimate interpersonal process. Only when the hypnotist gives the patient timely hints can the desired hypnotic effect be achieved. Paying close attention to the patient’s immediate state and needs is an important factor in successful hypnosis. The key to hypnotic therapy is to provide the exact cues the patient needs. Each person is unique, and the same pattern of intervention elicits different responses; A therapist with a keen sense of observation can accurately grasp the patient’s immediate response and, based on the feedback received, provide further therapeutic Suggestions. Sensory acuity is the key to short-term treatment success.
Hypnosis and psychotherapy both involve communication between the therapist and the patient. When we study how to get good communication, we tend to focus on the content of the communication and in doing so, we often fail to get the results we expect because we ignore the more important communication process. To understand and further achieve the desired communication results, we need to understand the full communication component.
Complete communication components include: 7% words, 38% tonality, and 55% physiology. Words include predicates, keywords, common experiences and associations, and content tones including tone, pitch, tempo, speed, quality (timbre, quality) ), and the volume (volume, loudness). Physiology includes a posture, a gesture, a facial expression and blinking, and breathing. When we get to know the person we are communicating with, we often only pay attention to what the other person is saying and ignore other important parts. But tone and physiology often unconsciously reflect emotion. If we pay more attention to tone and physiology, we can have a deeper understanding of the patient.
The purpose of sensory acuity is to see more clearly, hear more clearly, and feel more confident. These articles provide empirical activities, through in-depth, personal experience, fully involved in the experience of each activity, to hone observation skills, strengthen the ability to affect the results, from the level of skill to the level of art. This is a gift from Dr. Erickson — experience empowers us. The therapist can see the effect of language by the difference in the patient’s response. What you are going to say depends on What you say next depends on the response you get from What you just said.
Another gift from Dr. Erickson: pay attention to how patients tell you what they’re going to say. Nonverbal information is often more important and certainly more useful than language. People can make subtle changes all the time, and if we’re sensitive enough to them, they make sense. Therefore, the most important rule of a truly fine communicator or therapist is nothing but observation. As for what to observe? Here are some reference points for observation:
(1) Color of skin : The color of the skin changes with muscle tension. When observing, you can notice that the skin is shiny or dim, and the left and right are symmetrical. If you look more closely, the skin will show a very fast or even flashing color change.
(2) Breathing : The body naturally fluctuates with breathing. The focus of observation includes the speed of breathing, the frequency of breathing, the level of breathing, chest breathing or abdominal breathing.
(3) Eyes : The focus of the vision is focusing or defocusing, and the pupils are enlarged or reduced.
The above is for reference only. It is not too restrictive to limit the improvement of observation during practice. Therefore, it is recommended to maintain a relaxed attitude during practice. It is more important to note that these physiological phenomena may change at any time. It is necessary to maintain dynamic awareness during observation and pay attention to the fluidity of the whole process, rather than the phenomenon of being fixed at a certain point in time. For example, within the observation time, try to pay attention to the change in the respiratory rate frequency.
In addition, we only observe changes in physiological phenomena, and should not project our own subjective thoughts or feelings on the observed object, but should open and objectively confirm their subjective feelings. For example, when the patient’s breathing rate is increased, it is only that the breathing frequency is increased. Whether the subject is subjectively nervous or not must be clearly expressed by him. Otherwise, it is easy to misjudge and it is difficult to establish a good relationship with the observed object.